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Cerbera last won the day on August 29

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About Cerbera

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  1. Its the last option in Window / Customisation menu (Save as Default Scene). CBR
  2. Dammit, and I thought I'd be the only one to actually check CHESS with R21 - and didn't find that bug myself ! But actually, believe it or not, this has already been reported ! Cheers dude CBR
  3. No, like Bezo I don't think there is. Those exist in all layouts, and can't be removed like conventional icons can. However they are also in Render Menu so there is a valid case to be made for having their appearance in the main GUI as an optional preference. Why not suggest it to MAXON via their web site ? CBR
  4. I think I'd describe one of those as 'major', and the ProRender issue is already under investigation, but thank you for reporting it nonetheless. As far as affected systems go it certainly isn't all of them, as I have functioning ProRender in my R21, and I don't even have hardware that properly supports it ! Anyway, hopefully it will be fixed soon for all systems. I can confirm that the Bold Interface option (or rather its lack of appearance after restart) is also the case for me, and I have reported that for you. Alas I am not in a position to test frame rates, so can't comment on that, but please do report that yourself via the MAXON Site or via Support. As far as the grey / blue goes - have you found the option in Project settings that lets you change Default object colour back to the original it always was (listed as grey blue in the drop-down) ? There is no set as default for that because Project Settings are saved with the default scene, so just do that instead with the handy new option for it under Customisation menu. AFAIK, I don't think you can remove the Node Space option, but I wouldn't call that either incomprehensible or useless, however it is available elsewhere (render menu) so I can perhaps see why there should be an option to remove it from the GUI. You could use MAXON's Suggestions Page to suggest it to them... CBR
  5. Hard shadows do respond as shadows in the real world do; that is to say their effect is negated / diminished via the use of other light (be that bounced or directional), so that is how you would get a gradient into the shadow. The question remains 'how can we do that in Cinema ?' I would be interested to see if we could use GI and reflected light from the tube to fade off the raytraced shadow accurately, presumably as a result of bounced light from the inner surface of the tube. But here's a quick fake that illustrates the principal.... Here I have a directional light with its hard shadow, which has a gradient because it is being faded off by the (non-shadow casting) omni light I've put in proximity to it. CBR
  6. It's quite hard to use edge weighting in a way that doesn't cause some render artefacts somewhere. It is almost always preferable (in terms of result, if not time) to do it with control edges and not using SDS weighting at all if you can. Also worth noting that this weighting is not necessarily interpreted the same in all programs, so if this model is going anywhere else at any stage, that's another reason not to use it. If you must use it (for time reasons), then try and limit its area of influence by using some control loops as well. CBR
  7. Thanks Bezo - I'll check these for reproducibility / have a look and see if any of these haven't been reported, and will do so for any where that is the case... Personally I think I've had No 3 before, and suspect no 5 is known, but the others are new to me... CBR
  8. He is using high sub poly displacement, which you don't seem to have turned up above 2. Make that 6 and you might be closer. It will still take ages to render. Of course it is slow AF with that many polys and that much calculation being done at render time... CBR
  9. A quick word about texturing. Make sure you keep different save files for the various stages of this, as it makes sense to do the texturing as we build the main leaf. I'll be back at some point to show you that, but the key is to texture each part BEFORE you collapse it down with others. So in the case of this, you want to texture the first leaf before it goes in the cloner... This could be as simple as a mirrored gradient or you could properly UV map a photo or prepared graphic to it if you really are going for realism... CBR
  10. You're welcome. I'm out gigging all night shortly, so will have to show you the rest tomorrow, but here's the first 7 stages of a high-ish poly 'hero' fern... 1. Get a suitable reference image of a fern off google and load into top viewport. I went with this one. Line up a plane over the bit shown with its Z axis pointing down that frond. Let's get a zoom in of that... 2. Above I have given my plane object 8 or so segments down its length, and 2 across. Then I have applied a taper deformer as a child to generally match the form of that frond. 3. At this point you can 'Current state to object that, then delete it to collapse to an editable mesh for further modelling. That further modelling involves edge mode, and selecting edges (or pairs of edges to ctrl+drag out to make the little leaf edge bits like so... I used poly pen to quickly do this in Top view. You just need a general approximation of the shapes - don't spend too much time fussing over detail, this is a very small part of a much larger thing... anyway, back to the plot, if we put this object under Level 1 or 2 Subdivision Surface Object we get a curvier result like below... Next we need some copies of that, and so we need a cloner... we will use that just to get some rough copies with some scale variation, then make it editable, and move the individual leaves so that they match the reference.... (Note: clone the model NOT the SDS - Later we will apply the SDS to the whole group so we only need one of them). 4. Put the frond model under a cloner, and adjust the position values so you have a line of them iterating vaguely as above. I then used a step effector and a random effector to add variation to the scale of the clones. I don't care about actual leaf position because we'll be moving them individually later to match the reference. Note: above I also put my cloner under symmetry, to check how it looked, but we don't actually need that - we'll be manually copying one side to the other in a bit... 5. When you're happy with the scale and rotation variation you've added you can make the cloner editable (C) select all the leaves, and use Axis center to move their axis to their bases. Then you can move and scale and rotate the leaves for one side of the frond so they match the ref pic like so... At this point I made an 'end section' as well, just out of simple polygons again and lined it up with my existing leaves. 6. Next step is collapse all those to a single model (select them all then Connect Objects & Delete), and mirror across to the other side. I used the Mirror Tool for this. Look that up on youtube as it's not so intuitive unless you know how). then I had a group I could offset and position to make the other side of the frond. At this point you may want to spend some time scaling and rotating individual poly islands within that mirrored side to get more variation, but I'm on a time one so I didn't here. If you do, just go into poly mode, and double click to select all the polys in one leaf. At this point I selected all my polys and checked that my Normals were correct (they should all be orange facing up). If not use align / reverse Normals to fix. Lastly for this bit I selected both models and CO&D'd them together into one. 7. Now we just need to make the stem which I did with an 8 segment n-side profile and a simple path spline in a sweep, using sweep scaling to make it thinner at one end.. I also put my leaves mesh under a cloth SDS to add no subdivision but a tiny amount of thickness. With the cloth under regular SDS that looks like above... Lastly we need some variation in all this - currently it has been easier to build everything flat, but now we need to curl stuff up a bit. For this I got a displacer (deformer), which I made a child of the leaf. That got a (standard perlin) noise loaded into the shader / image field, and strength was set to very low so we got just gentle undulation. You may have to adjust the scale of the noise too, so experiment until you find the right settings. What we do need to make sure of is that the noise space is set to 'World' (noise settings). That way it will be different for every leaf later on in the model. One problem you'll notice is that the displacement lifts the base of the leaves away from the stem. That is where you could add a box field into the falloff of the displacer to stop that happening. Finally (for this bit), you should have something that looks a bit like this, and we have our sub leaves ready to be cloned about into the bigger main leaf... CBR
  11. Here's a quick few stages on how to build a simple leaf... 1. Start with plane, 4 x 2. Make editable, delete one half, place under symmetry. 2. Points mode, move points into general leaf shape. 3. Extrude (ctrl-drag) out the thin poly at the base a few times to make the stem. Pull border points of the leaf forward a little to get the center groove. Select all polys and add a little thickness with extrude (use caps). (We need thickness to make the leaf respond to light properly) 4. Pop the symmetry in a group null, then add a bend deformer to it as well, rotate until it is on the correct axis then use to bend the leaf something like shown. That group goes under L2 SDS to get the nice smooth result on the right there... Next steps would be cloning a few of those into radial arrays and using random effectors on scale and rotation until we have a decent randomised complete plant that we can texture, and then collapse down into a single model when done... CBR
  12. This isn't too tricky if you break it down into small enough parts... Start with the general scene composition, and make the base planes (ground / water) out of planes or Landscapes (with noise driven displacers). Then work out what types of plants of you need, and make a list somewhere. You need 2 main types - the smaller, non-hero ones that you can clone everywhere and mush together into a general covering (possibly using hair), and then some hero plants that are dotted about or manually placed to get the effect you want. Either way, you can look around for free models on places turbosquid, etc or you can make your own, which is more effort obviously, but will give you more exactly what you want. Look at at LOADS of reference so you DO know what you want before you start I like to start each plant model in a different file. For each plant you need to work out what is the 'base unit' - ie for rushes it's a single leaf, whereas for ferns it's a complete fern frond containing many leaves etc. And then you start to build those, very simply, out of polygons, using symmetry and bend deformers / cloning where you can, and group displacement in world mode, so that each leaf gets crumpled differently even if it's the same model.. When I have a section built I like to take a copy of that and combine it down to a single model that is easy to clone about in the main scene - that way your setup doesn't become a nightmare of multi-nested cloners ! So that's my general approach, but there are lots of ways to go about this. Important not to forget the value of lighting in this sort of scene - I would be looking at some sort of volumetric god-rays type light to bump up the jungle feel. If you were feeling brave you could investigate caustics off the water surface ! If I get time later I will show you how to model a fern leaf OR you may find it quicker to just cut one out in photoshop and apply it to a (bend deformed plane), which is the cheat-y way to go if you haven't got the time or inclination to model these things properly... this is great for distant plants and in-game stuff, but doesn't stand up to close scrutiny or support cool effects like sub-surface scattering, which can add a lot to a scene... CBR
  13. I think you need to turn off background under Shading in the SnT master settings... CBR
  14. OK, now I look again I see the default cloner size changed as well, but none of these things should change its fundamental functionality... CBR

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